Women's headwear summary table

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Timiş -Lugoj, Coronets worn called "conciuri" made of silk woven materials.
Timiş -Câmpia Bănătului Cloth bonnet - conci woven in "arămiz" ( yellow thread).
Valea Bistrei Ceapsă worn made of linen and covered with polychrome embroidery & beads.
Ceapsă drepunghiulară, folded , or ceapsă triunghiulară, with high edges (brims).
Maramureş, Oaş  
Maramureş Bridal coronets decorated to match pieptar.
Oaş Bride's headdress called "coada cu cunună" made of her hair adorned with beads, ribbons, wool, flowers.
Codru Cashmere headscarves decorated in floral patterns.
North Transylvania  
Bistriţa - Năsăud Young girls wear coronet covering their ears called "păuniţe" (little pea-hens).
Călăţele / Rimetea Young Hungarians wear "parta" a coronet decorated with beads and ribbons.
Csik, Kazon Up to 1st world war, women wore black bonnets made of silk or cloth and decorated with beads and ribbons.  These have 1-3 crescents (like Swiss hats) and 10cm wide and 2m long black ribbons which tie under chin.
South Transylvania  
Petroşani Ceapsã worn or married women wear "nãframã" of white cloth, embroidered on ends and on part that covers forehead.
Zona Pădurenilor Ceapsă made of cloth, covered by a white ştergar which is wrapped round head and under chin, then is fixed on ceapsă with 3 pins with coloured heads and decorated with red artificial flowers.
Ceapsă cu un corn
  - bonnet with a peak.
Zona Târnavelor Older style head-dress called vălitoare, made of a pasteboard circlet
"cârpă cu ranţe" - imported factory made fringed scarf of wool or cotton,  usually maroon, green or cream, introduced into local costume before 1st world war.
Zona Haţegului Ceapsă cu două coarne - bonnet with two “peaks” or ceapsă în formă de bonetă, tied at back.
Mărginamea Sibiu Older style headdress- Vălitoare cu ciurel - piece of white linen wrapped round head.
Around 1900 a form of ştergar called a pahiol made of silk was wound round the head like a turban.
More recently a black fringed broboadă
is worn with the ends tied outside the scarf at the nape of the neck.
Ţara Făgãraşului Ştergar called pomeselnic worn over a bonnet called a căiţă de cap made of black cloth or silk.
Zona Branului A fine maramă with linear decoration comprising parallel rows in black and gold thread called a "pahiol" is worn, or bariş - factory made scarf of fine wool worn by married women under carpă or under silk marama.
Zona Perşanilor

Ceapsă worn by young women, and by married women on Sundays. It is worn with peak towards nape of neck and angled sideways, and is decorated with silver tinsel and flowers.
fixed on a support shaped in an equilateral triangle  20cm long, made of a bunch of straw.

Ţara Oltului Yellow fringed scarf called "cârpă" worn.
Argeş Maramă
can have coloured geometric patterns woven into ends.
Câmpia Munteniei Ciumber or bariş - triangular scarf of thin material, usually white cotton decorated with crochet lace on the edges, worn under a silk ştergar.
Moldavia - North  
Rădăuăţi White head kerchief with woven colour ornaments.
Moldavia - Central & South  
Ţara Vrancei Hair worn with a parting, forming 2 peaks on crest of head, with thick cloth worn over it.
Ştergar worn with older costumes. Maramă has become more popular recently.


© Eliznik2005, First issue 17/2/2002, Last updated Aug-05