Regional descriptions - men's trousers

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Lugoj, Banat Izmene - Woollen trousers decorated with heavy black braid, as is waistcoat.
Bihor Gacii - worn in summer were worked in rough cloth for everyday work and finer cloth for festive clothes. They are made of 4 widths of cloth for old men and 5 for bachelors and young men. They were held up by Brăcinăriţă – a cord made of plaited hemp or cotton.
Arad Cioareci - tight fitting (Hungarian style) decorated with braiding and coloured appliqué worn in winter.

Narrow calf length Gacii worn in summer.

Maramureş, Oaş, Crişana  
Maramureş In Maramureş, gaci
are called gatii and made of rough cloth and are more narrow and longer then those from Oaş. The pieces of fabric are joined with 'cheiţe'  sewn in white, and  fringes are made from  the warp threads on the lower edges.
Oaş Very full gathered linen trousers called 'gacii' - The lower edges are decorated with "roit" fringes made of warp threads and "brazi" sewn in colours. In winter thick cioareci are worn decorated with red and black braid.
Ţara Lapuşului Gaci are sewn in 5 widths of cloth for festive costume, and 4 widths for work clothes.
North Transylvania  
Bistriţa - Năsăud Cioareci - white woollen trousers worn tucked into boots.
Haromszek Mens cioareci - tight frieze trousers made of home made cloth (fawn or white colour). Since 1764 when Mounted Boundary Defence Division of the Szekelys was organised by Maria –Theresa the uniform worn had become the national costume, but without the yellow colour.
Cioareci - white tight woollen frieze trousers, Braid on trousers used to be red, but now is usually shop bought black braid.
South Transylvania  
Pădureni Cioareci - white woollen trousers.
Târnave and Alba, Petroşani, Cioareci were decorated with subtle motifs, sewn in wool, cotton or silk or coloured stripes were woven into the fabric.
Mărginimea Sibiului Cioareci - white woollen trousers in winter, izmene   - white linen trousers in summer
Oltenia In Gorj, Dolj, Romanaţi cioareci are heavily decorated in black, navy blue or violet woollen braid patterns similar to those used for the fabric waistcoats, chintuş.
Dolj Cioareci – made of white cloth, and not decorated worn in winter.

Izmene –
worn in summer.
Romanaţi Cioareci - White woollen trousers.
Gorj Cioareci - White woollen with black braid and piping appliquéd. This style of dress is based on uniforms worn by soldiers in 1821 peasant revolt led by Tudor Vladimirescu.
Olt Cioareci - White or black woollen.
Câmpia Munteniei & Vlaşca Poturi - Blue, black or brown baggy woollen trousers are worn.
Teleorman - East
Zona Oltului
Dark nădragi decorated with blue or black braid.
White cioareci.

Dobrogea Poturi or şalvari are worn most frequently, sometimes narrow cioareci made of white aba.
Moldavia - North  
Suceava. Bernevici - Trousers made of fulled white woollen cloth, woven in 4 heddles, with a special cut,  worn creased along the legs. In other parts of Moldavia "Bernevicii" are worn without creases.
Suceava - zones of Rădăuţi and Fălticeni Iţari made of pânza woven in 5 or 6 heddles with geometric decoration.
Iaşi Iţari, very long and creased as wound round legs.
Moldavia - Central & South  
Neamţ – Basin Dornelor & Bacău Iţarii drepţii or with little creases were worn.
Gyimes Tight linen trousers in summer, tight frieze trousers in winter both worn over socks.
Vrancea Iţari, worn in winter were very long and creased as wound round legs.

Thin summer trousers (Izmene)

Bulgaria Older style mens trousers were called Nogavitsi, benevretsi or dimii. These were close fitting trousers, with narrow straight legs. These developed from primitive trousers consisting of 2 separate Nogavitsi (trouser legs) tied together. Benevretsi were ankle length, tight fitting decorated with black cording, found in NW.

were just below knee length, wide legged trousers, decorated at lower edge with binding, appliqué work, & embroidery. Found in Central North Bulgaria but originating in NW.


© Eliznik2005, First issue 17/11/2002, Last updated Aug-05