Coats and jackets

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Traditional over garments were similar for men and women. They were made either from woollen cloth or animal skin, and were intended as protective garments against the weather.

Over garments made of felted woollen cloth are found throughout the Balkan-Carpathian area. From 18th century these  were usually made by craftsmen in artisan’s workshops. These craftsmen make a wide variety of different garments from cloaks or coats to waistcoats and trousers. The names used for each piece of clothing varies from district to district as does the exact cut and mode of decoration.

Summary of coat and jacket names:

Sheepskin Over Garment Name Area
Cloaks Sarică or Bituşca Southern Carpathians
  Buboul Făgăraş
Coats Cojoc All zones
Waistcoats Pieptar All zones
Fabric Over Garments    
Cloaks Ţolul, ţolica, gluga  
Great / over coats Suman, sumăiaş, sumănică Transylvania & Moldavia
  Dimie Oltenia & Muntenia
  Recăl Ţara Oltului
  Şuba, Vâlcea, Câmpia Banatului
  Giubea  
  Zeghe, (zeche or zechie). Zona Târnavelor, Ţara Loviştei, zona Prahovei
  Ţundră Munţii Apuseni
  Duruţ, Câmpia Banatului
  Imurluc (epingea) Zonele Ialomiţa, Ilfov, Teleorman
  Ipingea Câmpia Munteniei, Oltenia and Dobrogea
  Gheba, manta, aba, abale Dobrogea
  Szur Hungarian name
Sleeveless jackets Giubea,giubeaua or suman South Oltenia & Muntenia
  Cosacs / cosace  
Fleecy jackets (waist length) Guba or buboul Maramureş
Cloth Jackets Mintan/mintene Gorj, and Mehedinţi
  Chebău Gorj
Cloth Waistcoats Laibăr, pieptar, ilic, chintus All zones

References

© Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Aug-05