Summary of Romanian lands

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Transylvania
Hungarian rule extended to the Transylvanian voivode from C11. Remained independent of Turkish rule after Hungary was taken in C16. From mid C19 was part of greater Hungary. United with Romanian in 1920

Bucovina
Heart of the C14 principality of Moldavia. Ruled by the Turks from C16. Ruled by Austria from 1775 to 1918 who named it Bukowina or Buchenland in German meaning Land of Beech Trees. Northern part annexed to the Ukraine by Russia in 1940.

 

Bessarabia
Eastern part of principality of Moldavia. Later known as Bessarabia after the Wallachian dynasty. Ruled by the Turks from C16. Annexed into the USSR by Russia 1912 & 1940. Now Republic of Moldova.

 

Bugeac
Part of principality of Moldavia taken by Turks in C15 and known as Budchak. Annexed to the Ukraine by Russia in 1912 & 1940.

Moldavia
Principality formed in C14 extending from the Carpathians to the river Dnestr. Ruled by Turks C16. From mid C19 under Russian protectorate and finally united with Wallachia to form Romania (1859)

Wallachia
Principality formed in C13. Hungarian control of Voivode ended in C14. Ruled by Turks from C15. From mid C19 under Russian protectorate and finally united with Moldavia to form Romania

The Banat
Area of marsh lands drained and divided between Serbia, Romania and Hungary after the Turkish rule ended.

Other Romanian speaking peoples:
Large populations remain in Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin and Vratsa) and East Serbia.
The Aromanians live mainly in West Macedonia.

References

© Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Dec-05