Slovak 18th to 19 century immigration

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Slovak villages in Romania

During the second half of the 18th century and first half of the 19th century Slovak and Rusyn people moved from Slovakia to the plains of Banat and Arad, the uplands of Bihor and Salaj, also the plains and mining towns of Satu Mare and Maramureş.

Slovaks were brought in as miners and mostly were subsequently absorbed into the Hungarian or German populations of the mining areas. Many Slovaks have in the 20th century emigrated to the USA and Canada.

Statistics from 1992, total 20,672.

Region Place Notes
Bihor - 8,652
  Şinteu - 1,521 Huta-Voivozi (Stará Huta)
Şinteu (Nová Huta)
Valea Târnei (Židárň)
Socet Împreună (Sočet)

Slovaks from Šariš, Germer and Zemplin in 1830.

  Budoi (Bodonoš) - 1,056 First families came from the regions of Orava, Kysuce and Germer in 1785.
  Oradea  - 542  
  Şerani (Šarany) - 517  
  Valea Cerulul (Čerpotok) - 426  
  Sacalasău Nou (Nový Šastelek) - 410  
  Aleşd - 304  
Arad - 6,781
  Nădlac (Nadlak) - 4,425 Slovaks from Tótkomlós, Békéscsaba and Szarvas in 1803.
  Arad - 613  
  Peregul Mare (Velký Pereg) - 413 Slovaks from Šariš in 1853.
  Ţipar (Cipár) - 300 Slovaks from Békéscsaba, and the regions of Orava and Nitra in 1883.
  Semlac Slovaks from Békéscsaba in 1819
Timiş - 2,311
  Timişoara (Temešvár) - 725  
  Butin (Butín) - 384 Slovaks from the regions of Orava and Nitra in 1813.
  Vucova Slovaks from Velký Krtiš in 1827
  Brestovăţ Slovaks from Novohrad, Trenčin and Nitra in 1828
Salaj - 1,612
  Făgetu (Gemelčička) - 824 Slovaks from the regions of Germer, Orava, and Kysuce in 1811.
Caraş-Severin - 557
Hunedoara - 186
Satu Mare - 153
  Livada

 
Many of the inhabitants emigrated to the USA and Canada at the beginning of the 20th century.
  Boineşti (in the Oaş ethnographic region) Slovaks from Janovec (Spis district) were settled here in 1889 by the priest Pasztory.
  Huta-Certeze (in the Oaş ethnographic region) Slovaks from Spis and Saris were settled in here between 1854 and 1862.
Maramureş
  Baia-Sprie Slovak miners from Banska Stiavnica in 1803.
  Băiţa Slovak miners.
  Vişeu de Sus Viseu de Sus was settled with German and Slovak miners from Spis in 1770. The Slovaks were absorbed into the Germans.
  Ocna Şugatag Settled with Slovak miners.
  Rona  
Bucovina
  Pioana Micului  

References

Štefanko, O. (1998), Slovacii din România, Societăţii Culturale şi Ştiinţifice "Ivan Krasko", Nădlac

© Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Dec-05