The Albanian population of about 10,000 in Romania is included within "other minority" in the census. The Albanian community came to Romania due to persecution by the Ottoman administration, possibly mostly in the 16th century. The Albanians mostly are in large towns as traders, restaurant owners and confectioners.
Some famous Albanians from Romanian are: Elena Ghica (1828-88), later dutchess Helena Koltsova-Massalskaya, known under the pseudonym Dora d'Istria, who popularised the national Albanian cause. Naum Vaeailargi from Braila who played a part in the national rebirth movement in Albania, known under the name of Rilindja Kombetare Shqiptare.