Câmpia Transilvaniei (Hungarian: Mezőség) dance summary

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Câmpia Transilvaniei region

Mezőség Hungarian region

Câmpia Transilvaniei view

Szék village Hungarian village

Câmpia Transilvaniei - the predominantly Romanian villages

The majority of villages and comune in the centre of the plain are Romanian or predominantly Romanian and were once the properties of wealthy families, including the very wealthy Banffy  and Bethlen families. The gypsies in the tarafs have Romanian names and play both Romanian and Gypsy melodies. Some villages with music and dances recorded are: Frata, Soporul de Câmpia, Valea Largă, Sărmaşu,  Zău de Câmpie, Sânmărtinu de Câmpie, Miheşu de Câmpie, Iclanzel. The Romanian dances often have very asymmetric and uneven rhythms for the older dance repertoire.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
      Fecioresc, De ponturi, De ponturi Româneşte, Rara (slow)

De ponturi bătrâneşte (fast)

 
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
Purtată, De purtat, De-a lungu, Româneşte Învârtita rară, De doi paşi, Ţigăneşte, De doi paşi (slow)

Harţagu (fast)

       

Gherla sub region

The Romanians use the term Gherla region to refer to the villages from Gherla along the Frizeş valley, plus a few villages around Gherla and south along the Someş Mic river, most notably the village of Bontida.  The music and dances are typical of Câmpia with some mixing of Codru and Chioar styles.

Bontida is famous for its stately home of the Banffy family which was in use until the 1950s and is currently being renovated. The Banffy family were one of the wealthiest families of Transylvania and inherited Bontida from the Csaki family. The village was previously a mix of Hungarian, German, and Romanian, but is now predominantly Romanian.

The village of Rasruci (Válaszút)  close to Bontida was once an important Hungarian town and is left with a stronger Hungarian repertoire of men's dances and the Csárdás.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
    Româneşte în botă  Ritka & Sűrű Magyar (Ungareşte ra & des), Rar Româneşte in ponturi

Târnăveana

Bărbunc
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
Româneşte
 
De începtut, Bătrâneşte, învârtita, Româneşte (slow)

Bătută (fast)

  Csárdás, Cigánytánc, ţigăneşte rar (slow)

sűrű, ţigăneşte iute (fast)

 Şapte Paşi  

Sic (Szék) - Hungarian village

The Transylvanian salt deposits have been extracted here from at least Roman times making Sic (Szék) an important small town throughout history, although it is now a remote large village with poor road communications. The town was granted free town status by the Hungarian King Andrew III in the 13th century. There was a German population from the 15th century which has left the layout of the streets and houses in German style, a common feature of many Transylvanian industrial and mining towns. The village is now almost entirely Hungarian, but has maintained a wide repertoire or dances.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
      Ritka, Sűrű Verbunk
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
 Lassú  Sebes lassú   Csárdás Porka, Hétlépés Négyes (foursome)

Villages with both Romanian and Hungarian repertoire

Music and dance has been collected by Hungarian enthusiasts from some of the mixed villages. In these collections the typical Hungarian dances are presented along with the Romanian dances.

Budeşti (Budetelke)

Budeşti is in a predominantly Romanian area, but in addition to the typical Romanian dances versions of the Hungarian lad's dances and the Csárdás are danced.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
    Româneste-n bota Ritka and Sűrű Magyar
(Romanians: ungureşte rar and des)
Verbunk, Bărbunc
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
De-a lungu, De-purtat Târnăveana (music related to the învârtita of Târnave region)

De ungurime (similar music to sebes, magyar forduló, Szabora of Mureş regions)

  Lassú Csárdás, Leneşa (slow)

Sűrű csárdás,  Hăţegană (fast)

  Jocul steagului

Suatu (Magyarszovát)

The village was first documented in 1213. The population is about two thirds Hungarian and one third Romanian. Added to the typical Hungarian dance repertoire is the predominantly Romanian asymmetric învârtita under the title "slow gypsy dance", more recently the men's Târnăveana (korcsos), and rhythmical shouts during dances (strigături).

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
      Târnăveana  Ritka verbunk, Sűrű Verbunk
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
  örges ciganánytanc ( asymmetric învârtita)

összerázás, Szökős,  Bătută (fast)

  Szászka, Szásztánc, Cigánytánc (slow)

Sűrű csárdás (fast)

Germanic origin dances Magyar ( foursome only otherwise in Szek)

 

Pălatca (Magyarpalatka)

The repertoire is typical of Romanians in the region with the addition of Hungarian dances known as ungareşte, the Verbunk, the Csárdás known as ţigăneşte, and more recently the men's Târnăveana. The Hungarians add a purtată type dance called Lassú cigánytánc (slow gypsy dance) and rhythmic shouts "rikótozás" (strigaturi) to the typical Hungarian dances repertoire.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
    Româneşte în botă Tânăveana

Legényes, Ponturi, Rara

Ritka magyar, Sűrű magyar

Verbunk, Bărbunc
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
De-a lungu, Lassú cigánytánc (împiedicata) (Hungarians) Szökős, Bătută

Korcsos

 

  Ritka Csárdás, Cigánytánc, ţigăneşte (slow)

Sűrű csárdás,  Hăţegană (fast)

   

Villages at the eastern interference zone

At the eastern side of the Transylvanian plain the villages have a mixed repertoire from the plain and from the Szekely regions. These villages have at times been classified in the zones of Szekely or upper Mureş

Voivodeni (Vajdaszentivány)

The couple dance is now famous with dance enthusiasts due to the unique use of a hand kerchief to link the partners during the pirouetting figures.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
      Korcsos  
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
  Batuka   Forduló, Csárdás, Cigánycsárdás    

Teaca

Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
  De ungurime (similar music to sebes, magyar forduló, Szabora of Mureş regions), ţigăneasca, învârtita        

Tonciu

A once Saxons village that is now inhabited by Hungarians and Gypsies. Folklorically it was previously classified as "upper Mureş" by Hungarian musicologists.

Men's dances
Ritual dances Brâul Group men's dances Lad's dances Verbunk
       Korcsos  Verbunk
Couple dances
Processional
walking dance
Turning dances Column dances Csardas Germanic &
central European
Others
      Forduló csárdás, Gypsy csárdás    

Costume

Women's costume
Shirt Aprons/skirt Headwear Belt Overgarments
         
Men's costume
Shirt Trousers Headwear Belt Overgarments
         

 

References

www.erdelyiturizmus.hu/

Discography

Taraful din Suata (Magyarszovát) - Electrecord EPE2690

Jocuri populare Româneşti - Jocuri din Mureş Electrecord ST-EPE 01681

Ansamblul folcloric Transylvania din Târgu Mureş - Electrecord ST-EPE 03727

Taraful Soporul de Câmpie - Electrecord ST-EPE 03228

The Traditional Folk Music Band - Transylvania, the plain - Electrecord EPE 02412

Szék - original village music - FONO FA-008

Magyarszovát - original village music - FONO 015

Nagysármás - original village music - FONO 018

Magyarpalatka - original village music - FONO 003

Budatelke - orignial village music - FONO 002

Romanian and Hungarian Music from Central Transylvania - Ethnophonie CD005

Music from the region of Gherla- Ethnophonie C-010

Autentikus Nepzene DMR-23a

Eszak-Mezőségi Magyar Nepzene, Válaszút - Kallos Archivum 7

Mezőségi Magyar-Roman Nepzene, Bonchida - Kallos Archivum 8

Mezőségi Magyar Nepzene, Magyarszovat - Kallos Archivum 11

Magyarpalatka - Syncoop 5733 CD152

Okros, Bonchida - ABT005

 

 

© Eliznik2007, First issue 2007, Last updated Mar-07