Romanian Sârba dance

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Băleşti, Gorj, Oltenia

Cloşanii, Gorj, Oltenia

Sârba dance form

Musically the term Sârba is usually applied to a lively 2/4 melody with triplet grouping, giving a 6/8 feel. This is a common dance rhythm across the Balkans, in dances such as the Serbian Čačak and the Bulgarian fast Pravo Horo.

In dance, the Sârba mostly refers to a lively 3-measure structured social dance, this is generally referred to as 'common Sârba'. The similar slower Brâul bătrân with Sârba belongs to a very ancient and widespread dance form throughout the Balkans.

Sârba is found in the same areas as Hora with the highest variety of variants being found along the sub-Carpathians. Unlike Hora, an open circle formation is the norm, apart from south Oltenia where it is generally danced in a closed circle.

The name Sârba may mean 'Serb like', and the same dance is known in Greece as Servikos.

Sârba dance types

The 'common Sârba'

Other Sârbe

Choreographic form, motifs, music

type names form structure motifs music
common Sârba Sârba, Brâu shoulder hold 3 measure phrases non-concordant with music step-step,  step-hop,  step-hop 2/4 (in compound time ~6/8)
fixed form Sârba Sârba lui 22, Sârba studenţilor, Chindia, Hora Nuţii shoulder hold, hands joined at shoulder height bi-directional figures hops, heel clicks, crossing, toe & heel actions 2/4 (in compound time ~6/8)
command Sârba Arcanul, Raţa, Lăzeasca shoulder hold 3 measure phrases non-concordant with music hops, heel clicks, crossing, toe & heel actions 2/4 (in compound time ~6/8)

References

BUCSAN, A. (1971) Specificul Dansului Popular Românesc, Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România.

GIURCHESCU, A, Romanian Traditional Dance, Mill Valley CA: Wild Flower Press, 1995.

© Eliznik2005, Last updated Apr-08