Învârtita turning dances

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regional map

Mociu, Cluj, Transylvania

Frata, Cluj, Transylvania

Codru region, Transylvania

Mociu, Cluj, Transylvania

Învârtita dance form

The 'turning' dance is thought to have developed later than the 'walking' dance and is found from Sweden (Pols and Polska), through Poland (Oberek) down to Maramureş and Transylvania. The Romanian dance is the called the Învârtita or Bătuta with the Hungarian version called Forgatós.

The basic form is at moderate tempo with turning as a couple, in alternate directions separated by a resting step, without progressing around the dance space. This oldest form of the dance still continues in some places (Romanian regions along the northern edge of Transylvania and Hungarian town of Szek).

Unlike the Purtata family of dances, the Învârtita is found with Romanians beyond Transylvania and is not restricted to Hungarian feudal areas, and has a universal name covering many regional versions, possibly supporting Romanian dance views these dances have not spread via the Hungarian nobility.

The Învârtita should not be confused with the Csárdás which represents the "new" style of Hungarian dancing which appeared around the mid 18th century.

Învârtita couple dance types

Many regions have adapted the dance to develop a local form;

There are also variants at distinctly different tempi;

Sometimes the small circle dances of Carpathian Moldavia and Transylvania are included in the classification of Învârtita.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Învârtita
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
stamping
Învârtita
straight
Învârtita
asymmetric
Învârtita
fast
Învârtita
slow
Învârtita 
 
 

Choreographic form, motifs, & music

Dance rhythms explained:

type names form structure motifs music
Straight rhythm Învârtita, De-învârt, Bătuta scattered couples turning as a couple, resting figure, other more complex figures can include women's pirouettes, men's leg slapping 2/4
Stamping Învârtita, Tropotita, Bătuta scattered couples turning as a couple, resting figure can include men's stamping 2/4
Asymmetric rhythm Învârtita, De-învârtita, scattered couples, trios, or small circles turning as a couple, resting figure can include women's pirouettes, men's heel clicks 10/16 (4+3+3)
and others
Fast tempo Harţagul, Haţegana scattered couples turning as a couple, resting figure can include women's pirouettes, men's heel clicks 2/4
Slow tempo Romanca, ţigăneşte, Hungarian ciganánytanc scattered couples turning as a couple, resting figure   2/4

 

References

BUCSAN, A. (1971) Specificul Dansului Popular Românesc, Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România.

BUCSAN, A. (1957) Jocuri Din Ardealul De Sud, Editura de Stat.

GIURCHESCU, A. & BLOLAND, S. (1995) Romanian Traditional Dance, "Mill Valley, California", Wild Flower Press.

 
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