Hora mare dreaptă

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Cloşani, Gorj, Oltenia

Hora mare dance form

Hora mare or Hora dreaptă is circle dance and is the most widespread dance in Romania, partly because any number of participants of both men and women, of any ability or age, can join in. Hora is frequently performed as a ritual dance at weddings and funerals.

The hold in Hora has the hands joined at shoulder height and held slightly forward. The formation is a closed circle, apart from in some parts of Banat and north Oltenia where it is danced in an open circle with a leader who can take the dance into a spiral. Mostly these dances progress to the right, often with a diagonal forward and back path.

Comparison with other nation equivalent dances;

name translation nation structure motifs music
Hora mare "large" Romania 2 or 4 measure phrases walking, stamps, arms circling and swings 2/4
Hora dreaptă "straight" Romania 2 or 4 measure phrases walking, stamps, arms circling and swings 2/4
Pravo Horo "straight" Bulgaria 3 measure phrases walking, stamps, arms circling and swings 2/4
Sitno Horo "small stepped" north Bulgaria 2 or 4 measure phrases walking, stamps, arms circling and swings 2/4
Hora de mână "with hands" south Romania 2 or 4 measure phrases walking, stamps, arms circling and swings 2/4
Râka "hands" north-east Bulgaria 2 or 4 measure phrases walking, stamps, arms circling and swings 2/4

Hora mare dance types

There are a number of common step sequences;

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hora mare dreaptă
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 measure
 
2 measure
 
4 measure
 
 
 
 
 

 

Choreographic form, motifs, music

type names form  structure motifs music
1 measure Hora, Hora mare, Hora dreaptă, Hora de mână, Periniţa hands joined at shoulder height 1 measure phrases walking, stamps 2/4
2 measure Hora, Hora mare, Hora dreaptă, Hora de mână hands joined at shoulder height 2 measure phrases walking, stamps 2/4
4 measure Hora, Hora mare, Hora dreaptă, Hora de mână hands joined at shoulder height 4 measure phrases walking, stamps 2/4

 

References

BUCSAN, A. (1971) Specificul Dansului Popular Românesc, Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România.

GIURCHESCU, A. & BLOLAND, S. (1995) Romanian Traditional Dance, "Mill Valley, California", Wild Flower Press.

© Eliznik2008, Last updated Apr-08