Romanian Ardeleana couple dance

Eliznik home > Romania > dance > couple dances > Ardeleana


regional map

Bihor "Polca"

Mărişel, Cluj, Transylvania

Bihor "Pe picior"

Banat "De doi"

Ardeleana dance form

The couple dances of west Romania are dominated by the Ardeleana family of column dances. These dances are found in the Crisana area (Bihor, Arad and Banat). These dances are also found among Romanians living within adjacent parts of modern Hungary, in the villages of Mecherechi and Aletea (Elek).

They are performed by couples facing their partners, arranged in a column, in a compact formation. Most basic figures involve the dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner.

 The name Ardeleana suggests a Transylvanian origin, which could suggest an origin pre-dating the scattered Învârtita couple dance. It may be that the Haţegana has a similar origin with its formation in an arc rather than a straight column.

More recently men's slapping sequences have been added and in some places the column structure has been replaced by scattered couples.

Ardeleana couple dance types

There are basic variants of the Ardeleana, each of which are represented by different types in Bihor and Banat;

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ardeleana
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
slow
Ardeleana
fast
Ardeleana
syncopated
Ardeleana
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ardeleana
 
Mânântel
 
Pe Picior
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Polca
 
De Doi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Choreographic form, motifs, & music

Dance rhythms explained:

type names form structure motifs music
slow Ardeleana Polca, Poarga, Luncanul (Bihor) Ţarina (Ţara Moţilor) couples arranged in a column dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner men have stamping steps, and leg slapping sequences 2/4
  Ardeleana, Lenţa, Duba (Banat) couples arranged in a column dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner interweaving and encircling arm patterns with the women performing rapid turns 2/4
fast Ardeleana Mânântel (Bihor, Arad) couples arranged in a column dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner men have stamping steps, and leg slapping sequences fast 2/4
  De Doi (Banat) couples arranged in a column dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner interweaving and encircling arm patterns with the women performing rapid turns, step pattern is related to the Brâul bătrân fast 2/4
syncopated Ardeleana Pe Picior (Bihor, Arad) couples arranged in a column dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner men's step patterns are related to the Maramureş Bărbătesc and Roata in terms of the stamping step patterns to a fast tempo 2/4 (split 3+3+2)
  Sorocul is particular to Banat and appears to be a slow syncopated Ardeleana to slightly asymmetric music. couples arranged in a column dancer moving to the side and back, either in the same or opposite direction as their partner many gentle and almost stately steps 2/4 slightly asymmetric

 

References

DUMITRU, E. (1966) Brâuri Din Munti Banatului, Timşoara, Casa Regionala a Creatiei Populare Banat.

GIURCHESCU, A. & BLOLAND, S. (1995) Romanian Traditional Dance, "Mill Valley, California", Wild Flower Press.

LATCU, I. M. A. (1971) Folclor Coreografic Din Vaile Timisului Si Bistrei, Centrul creatiei populare Caras-Severin.

POPESCU-JUDET, G. (?) Jocuri Din Banat, Bucuresti, Editura de Stat pentru Literatura si Arta.

 

© Eliznik2005, Last updated Apr-08