Eneolithic to Bronze age transition, 3000 BC

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At this period the Bronze age had already begun in Anatolia, however the Carpathian region was still in the eneolithic period and undergoing changes associated with an influx of new peoples from the Pontic Steppe. Some believe this to have been an assimilation into the existing eneolithic peoples, other suggest a more substantial change in population. During this time there was a destruction of the eneolithic settlements in the lower Danube regions. The new settlements were seldom fortified and the dwellings ranged from simple pit-dwellings and small huts to two-roomed rectangular houses. The platform floors found in the Neolithic period are not used.

Many believe the incoming peoples introduced Indo-European languages and through the 3rd millennium BC these developed into the basic language groups we know today.  However others believe the Indo-European languages formed in Anatolia and were spread with the neolithic age. Interestingly the two oldest Indo-European languages of Armenian and Albanian date to before the Indo and European split.

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© Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Dec-05