This map has
"hotspots" with pop-up information boxes when you place the mouse over text
The terms middle and late Neolithic periods were derived from a change in
the settlement at sites in Thessaly (Greece), but these changes were not evident
in the chronology of the other Balkan areas where developments reached these stages at differing dates.
This extended across East Pannonia (Körös), West Romania, Oltenia and
Transylvania (Criş) and in the later phases Moldavia. In the area of Bosnia
there was a transitional mixing of the Mediterranean and Balkan cultures.
Late Neolithic Balkan group
Changes typical of the late Neolithic occurred in
Thrace during the middle Neolithic. These changes were seen in the types of
settlement, the variety of plastic art, and the pottery. They could be due
to new elements assimilated with Karanovo I.
"Linear pottery" was the start of the early Neolithic in central europe.
Tourist places to visit:
Neolithic dwellings museum at Stara Zagora
Remains of two Karanovo II dwellings dating from 6000BC which were destroyed by fire causing the walls to be well preserved.
« previous map |
next map »
- Kakanj culture
- Area tributaries of Sava
- House - rectangular
- Pottery - Phase I Starčevo dominates, phase II "impressio" majority, phase III Barbotine continues with new incised type
- Links - transition between Western Mediterranean & Starčevo
- Karanovo II-III culture
- Changes typical of the late Neolithic occurred in Thrace during the middle Neolithic. Changes seen in the types of settlement, variety of plastic art, and pottery.
- Pottery - dark grey and black potter using a different process
- Changes at Karanovo II could be new elements were assimilated with Karanovo I
- Links- Anzabegovo II-III
- Anzabegovo culture
- Previously known as Vršnik
- Phase I early neolithic, phase II to IV middle neolithic.
- Area - plain of Skopje, the Bregalnica valley, to the Struma valley and to the lower reaches of the Vardar.
- Houses - Phase I mud brick, phase II were wattle on a platform, organised settlements
- Pottery - fine light in colour, phase IV spiral motif
- Links - Phase II ~ Karanovo II
- Porodin culture
- Area - Pelagonia, previously called Porodin, now Velušina
- Settlements - "tell"
- Houses- rectangular or trapezoid, wattle.
- Pottery - red, plain
- Starcevo culture
- The first phase Starčevo I is only found within Romania in the Banat region.
- Phase I early neolithic, phases II & III middle neolithic, end seen as Vinča, phases II-III=Anzabegovo II-IV
- Area - Serbia, Kosovo, S Vojvodina, NW Bulgaria, Drina valley in SW
- Pottery - phase I coarse, decoration Barbotine, no painted ware, phase II painted=Anzabegovo, phases III increase of fine ware, Barbotine decoration, spiral patterns, polychrome
- Settlements - never "tell", most only one layer, may be more primitive agriculture?
- Houses - pit-dwelling
- Links - Körös, Criş, Lepenski Vir IIIb
- Danilo group
Origin - developement of Crvena Stijena-Smilčić group
- Area - Istria to Albanian coast
- Pottery - amphorae, rhyta with painted S and C motifs
- Settlements - most in caves, open settlements around an open area
- Houses - some wattle and daub, circular
- Links - cultures in Italy
- Dudesti culture
- Area - SE Muntenia
- Pottery - dark monochrome, plain typical, finger nail decoration, spiral incised (phase I), phase II hatched patterns
- Houses - rectangular
- Cakran group
- Area - S Albania: Cakran, Dunavec, Kolsh
- Pottery - plain grey-black and black, plus impressed & barbotine, vases with four feet cult-rhytons
- Links - impressed portery of Danilo & Kakanj, Barbotine of Starčevo, cult-rhytons of Adriatic & Elatea II in central Greece