Late Eneolithic period, 3500 BC

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The Bronze Age population is generally thought to have emerged from the fusion of Enelolithic peoples and the influx from the Pontic Steppe during the transitional period. There was often a drastic break from the past with old settlement sites not being continued. Pottery retained few Eneolithic features and was generally cruder in quality. There were also important changes in social culture, from the Eneolithic period. Gold and copper deposits in Transylvania were extensively exploited until the Hallstatt period.

The peoples in the east Balkans may be considered to be proto-Thracians from whom the Iron Age Dacians, Getae, and Thracians emerged. The first Greeks, known as the Achaens, reached Greece around 2,200 BC and founded the Mycenae civilisation, trading with the non-Indo-Europeans in Crete (Minoans), Troy and Egypt. These non-Indo-European peoples, called Pelasgians by the Greeks, remained in some towns and on some islands until at least the 4th century BC. The Minoan's script was adopted by the Achaeans, and many Greek words still have non-Indo-European roots. Recent genetics suggests that modern Cretians and Macedonians still have their pre-Greek ancestry.


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