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Between the middle Neolithic and the start of the late Neolithic period which sees changes in the west Balkans.
The Starčevo culture in Serbia was replaced by the Vinča culture from where I have taken the term "Developed Neolithic"
for this period. The Vinča culture made use of copper and continued to exist in parallel with the emerging eneolithic cultures.
"Linear pottery" culture developed in Hungary, known as Alföld linear or Alföld Vonaldíszes Kerámica (AVK)
or East Slokavian Linear or Ciueşti in eastern Hungary and Transdanubian linear in western Hungary.
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- Kakanj culture
- Area tributaries of Sava
- House - rectangular
- Pottery - Phase I Starčevo dominates, phase II "impressio" majority, phase III Barbotine continues with new incised type
- Links - transition between Western Mediterranean & Starčevo
- Karanovo II-III culture
- Changes typical of the late Neolithic occurred in Thrace during the middle Neolithic. Changes seen in the types of settlement, variety of plastic art, and pottery.
- Pottery - dark grey and black potter using a different process
- Changes at Karanovo II could be new elements, "Thracian culture" were assimilated with Karanovo I
- Links- Anzabegovo II-III
- Anzabegovo culture
- Previously known as Vršnik
- Phase I early neolithic, phase II to IV middle neolithic.
- Area - plain of Skopje, the Bregalnica valley, to the Struma valley and to the lower reaches of the Vardar.
- Houses - Phase I mud brick, phase II were wattle on a platform, organised settlements
- Pottery - fine light in colour, phase IV spiral motif
- Links - Phase II ~ Karanovo II
- Porodin culture
- Area - Pelagonia, previously called Porodin, now Velušina
- Settlements - "tell"
- Houses- rectangular or trapezoid, wattle.
- Pottery - red, plain
- Vinca culture
- This late Neolithic group continues in parallel to the neighbouring eneolithic cultures
- Phases - either A-D or Vinča-Turdaş I & II then Vinča-Pločnik I-III with a transition between
- Area - Serbia, south to Vardar-Morava watershed, along Save Danube and Mures rivers
- Pottery - high quality black burnished ware
- Houses - first pit-dwellings then rectangular two rooms, later phases three rooms
- Settlements - later included fortifications
- Links - has with elements from the earlier Karanovo III culture
- Metal - copper introduced Vinča-Pločnik I
- Danilo group
- Origin - developement of Crvena Stijena-Smilčić group
- Area - Istria to Albanian coast
- Pottery - amphorae, rhyta with painted S and C motifs
- Settlements - most in caves, open settlements around an open area
- Houses - some wattle and daub, circular
- Links - cultures in Italy
- Dudesti culture
- Area - SE Muntenia
- Origins - possibly Anatolia
- Pottery - dark monochrome, plain typical, finger nail decoration, spiral incised (phase I), phase II hatched patterns
- Houses - rectangular
- Linear pottery
- Part of the group covering Czech, Slovakia, Germany referred to simply as Linear Pottery or by the German term Linienbandkeramik abbreviated to LBK.
- Origins - thought to be in Hungary evolving from the Starčevo-Körös-Criş and Vinča cultures
- Area - Alföld linear or Alföld Vonaldíszes Kerámica (AVK) or East Slokavian Linear or Ciueşti in eastern Hungary along the Tisza River
- Area - Transdanubian Linear in western Hungary
- Pottery - characteristic linear decoration bands
- Houses - long rectangular wattle & daub, can be up to three sections
- Origin - Starčevo culture which spread into in Transylvania
- Area - Expanded from Banat into Transylvania then Moldavia
- Pottery - painted decoration
- Links - to middle Neolithic groups
- Cakran group
- Area - S Albania: Cakran, Dunavec, Kolsh
- Pottery - plain grey-black and black, plus impressed & barbotine, vases with four feet cult-rhytons
- Links - impressed portery of Danilo & Kakanj, Barbotine of Starčevo, cult-rhytons of Adriatic & Elatea II in central Greece