European turning couple dances

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The "turning" dance is thought to have developed after the "walking" dances and is found from Sweden (Pols and Polska), through Poland (Oberek) down to Maramureş and Transylvania. The Romanian dance is the called the Învârtita or Bătuta with the Hungarian version called forgatós. The most basic version involves only turning in either direction. Unlike the Purtata family of dances, the Învârtita is found with Romanians beyond Transylvania and is not restricted to Hungarian ruled areas, and has a universal name covering many regional versions, possibly supporting Romanian dance views these dances have not spread via the Hungarian nobility. The Învârtita should not be confused with the Csárdás which represents the "new" style of Hungarian dancing which appeared around the mid 18th century. The învârtita is danced to an asymmetric 10/8 (4+3+3) rhythm  except in north Transylvania where simple 2/4 music predominates.

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© Eliznik2005, First issue 2002, Last updated Aug-06