Men’s group dance
Men's dances from Europe often associated with ritual and customs. Dances are in a formation without hand connection, although some western European types are connected by swords.
The most common formation is an open or closed circle, facing the centre, or facing round the circle. Some western European dances that may be considered to be also men's group dances are in sets and columns. A set number of dancers is often included with some versions.
Characteristic feature is that the men dance the figures in unison, even when not required to by the non-connected formation. There may be a leader directing and demonstrating the figures to the rest of the dancers.
Walking couple dance
Couples, in an open circle, in pairs facing anticlockwise, various holds are possible.
The dance slow with the steps at walking pace with each couple have some
degree of freedom of figures.
Turning couple dance
Couples facing each other in a close hold. The characteristic feature of the dance is turning as a couple in place, most often alternating direction when desired.
Resting steps in place, figures with more complex variations and some men's showing off steps may be included.
Turning and progressing
It has been proposed that in the first turning dances the couple turn in place, with a later development being the turning whist moving around the dance space.