Structural analysis of traditional dance enables comparative studies of theories of dance evolution and an understanding of the features which enable the dance to be distinguished and categorised by dancers and observers.
The following example brings out a number of dance type features.
- Musical rhythm is 2/4, hence this dance is usually categorised as a "hora".
- The structure is alternating contrasting sections 1 and 2, we would call these figures when learning the dance.
- The green information tell us that this figure is from the family of "bi-directional" dances, the phrase is repeated with opposite footwork and direction.
- The blue information tells us that there is a section of "stamping patterns" in place, typical to Romanian dances.
- The red information is a typical repetition of motifs found in many dances either side of the Carpathians in Moldavia and Transylvania based on bi-directional dance of the travelling step with various closing endings.
This example is the most basic dance found over all of south east Europe, here the dance is composed of a motif, of just three cells, repeated. The common feature is only the weight change pattern of the motif, which may be done to any rhythm.